Baharia Oasis

Located 365 km south westof Giza and 200 km fromFarafra Oasis.

The oases are famous for their palmtrees, olives, apricots, rice and corn. Intertwinedtrees provide attractive scenery with contrast to massive sand dunes. Theregion is rich in wildlife of migrant birds and deer. Bawiti is the capital of Bahariaoases thatoccupies a hillside.

The oases are famous for their 398 mineral andsulphur springs. The most famous are Bir Hakima, Bir Halfa, Bir Al Matar,and Bir El Ghaba. The old Roman springs flow through cracked stones. EinEl Bishmo springsare unique because both hot and cold water flow from separate sources thenblend in a rocky creek, in addition to Al Qasaa wells. Bahariaoases archaeologicalsites date back to Pharaonic periods. "zis zis" was the original name ofthe region. Most of the antiquities belong to the 26th dynasty "Saiteperiod". A major archaeological site El Qasr houses Ein El Mifatala, QaratHelwa, and Al Tibniya areathat includes Alexander the great temple. El Maron, El Dist and El Maghrafaantiquities are located next to a limestone temple in El Qasr area. El Bawitihouses, the largest Ptolemaic necropolis dedicated to Ibisbird. Its historic tombs are located in the complex of (YoussefSelim, El Sheikh Soby and Al Farouj). El Heez areais famous for its ancient churches, palaces and Roman tombs. penantio Tombdates back to 26th dynasty and represents unique pharaonic paintings. "Valley of The Golden Mummies"has been recently discovered in a Roman necropolis, 6 km fromBawiti..


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